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Effect of enhanced personal protective equipment on colonoscopy performance and pain linked to procedure during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ahead of print available from 04/02/2022
These articles are scheduled for publication in Vol. 85 (2) 2021

Author(s) M. Kiyak 1, B. Göksoy 2
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DOI10.51821/85.2.9621
Affiliations:
(1) Sehit Prof. Dr. Ilhan Varank Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Department of Gastroenterology, Istanbul, Turkey
(2) Sehit Prof. Dr. Ilhan Varank Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Department of General Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey

Background and study aim: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of standard personal protective equipment (SPPE) reduces transmission risks during endoscopic procedures. Our aim was to assess the effect of enhanced personal protective equipment (EPPE) on colonoscopy performance and pain linked to the procedure compared with SPPE.

Patients and methods: During two similar periods with threemonth duration (in 2019 and in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic), electronic medical records and colonoscopy reports were investigated for sequential patients undergoing colonoscopy. SPPE was used in 2019 and EPPE in 2020. The patients’ clinical data and information related to the procedure were collected and analyzed. Primary outcomes were the duration to intubate the cecum, total procedure duration and patient pain score at the end of the procedure. Secondary outcomes were adenoma detection rate (ADR), polyp detection rate (PDR) and cecal intubation rate (CIR).

Results: A total of 426 patients with colonoscopy performed were analyzed. The demographic features and indications for colonoscopy were similar for patients in both groups. The EPPE group had higher values for the parameters assessed as primary endpoints of cecal intubation time, withdrawal time, total procedure time and pain at the end of the procedure compared to the SPPE group and the differences were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Our findings show that though the use of EPPE negatively affected colonoscopy performance and patient pain at the end of the procedure, it had no effect on the colonoscopy quality indices such as ADR, PDR and CIR.

Keywords: Enhanced personal protective equipment, colonoscopy, cecal intubation time, adenoma detection rate, polyp detection rate
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.