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GPR, King’s Score and S-Index are superior to other non-invasive fibrosis markers in predicting the liver fibrosis in chronic Hepatitis B patients

Journal Volume 85 - 2022
Issue Fasc.1 - Original articles
Author(s) N. Ekin 1, F. Ucmak 2, B. Ebik 1, E. Tugba Tuncel 3, H. Kacmaz 4, M. Arpa 5, A. Engin Atay 6
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Full Article
PAGES 62-68
(1) Division of Gastroenterology, Diyarbakir Health Sciences University Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir,Turkey
(2) Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey
(3) Department of gastroenterology, Manisa City Hospital, Manisa, Turkey
(4) Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Adiyaman Health Sciences University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey
(5) Department of biochemistry, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University School of Medicine, Rize, Turkey
(6) Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Background and study aims: In this study, we investigated the efficacy of nine non-invasive fibrosis markers in the assessment of the degree of fibrosis in patients with chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) in comparison with liver biopsy.

Patients and methods: A total of 1454 untreated CHB patients from two different centers who underwent liver biopsy were included in the study. Laboratory results of patients were reviewed retrospectively and the pathology slides were re-evaluated in accordance with the Ishak score. Degree of fibrosis ≥ 3 was accepted as “significant fibrosis”, ≥ 4 as “advanced fibrosis”, and ≥ 5 as cirrhosis. The diagnostic performance of the markers Aspartate aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI), Fibrosis-4 score (FIB-4), Aspartate aminotransferase to Alanine aminotransferase Ratio (AAR), AAR to Platelet Ratio Index (AAPRI), Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase to Platelet Ratio (GPR), King’s Score, Fibro quotient (Fibro-Q), S Index and Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) were evaluated with ROC analysis.

Results: In detecting significant fibrosis, APRI, GPR, King’s Score and S Index had AUROC values over 0.70. For advanced fibrosis, all of the models except AAPRI; and for cirrhosis, all of the models had AUROC values over 0.70. In accordance with the chosen staging system, GPR, King’s Score and S Index had high diagnostic efficacy whereas APRI, FIB-4, FibroQ and PLR had moderate diagnostic efficacy, AAR and AAPRI had low diagnostic efficacy.

Conclusions: GPR, King’s Score and S Index had moderate diagnostic performance in detecting significant fibrosis and advanced fibrosis, and high diagnostic performance in detecting cirrhosis.

Keywords: Hepatitis B, Liver fibrosis, non-invasive fibrosis markers.

© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 35304995