Volume 84 - 2021 - Fasc.1 - Case reports
Mantle cell lymphoma simulating inflammatory bowel disease
We report a case of colorectal involvement by a mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) that had been considered before as inflammatory bowel disease. Diagnosis of low-grade MCL can be difficult, and here we highlight the importance of thorough histopathological examination in case of supposed inflammatory bowel disease that does not react to therapy.
Interferon-alpha-2a as a salvage treatment for hemorrhagic enteritis associated with Epstein-Barr Virus reactivation : a case report
Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] is a virus that infects almost all humans worldwide. After the acute phase of the infection, it stays in a latent form in B lymphocytes. EBV reactivation tends to occur in immunosuppressed patients. EBV reactivation may involve the gastrointestinal tract ; it has been associated mainly with colitis, but hemorrhagic enteritis has been poorly reported. Treatment usually includes antivirals. However, our patient did not respond to conventional treatment, so interferon alpha-2a was given as a salvage treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of hemorrhagic enteritis associated to EBV reactivation treated successfully with interferon alpha-2a.
Infected hepatic cyst complicating urinary sepsis
Congenital hepatic cysts are a common disorder. Usually they are asymptomatic and do not have to be treated. However, some serious complications can occur. We report here the case of an 86-year old patient who has been treated by a percutaneous drainage for an infected solitary hepatic cyst due to urinary sepsis. She was admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine for epigastric pain with fever and chills. The patient was treated for a urinary tract infection 3 weeks ago by her General Practitioner. On admission, blood tests showed 21 620 neutrophils per microliter with a C-reactive protein level at 443.7 mg/L, procalcitonin > 200 ng/mL, total bilirubin at 1.43 mg/dL, lactate dehydrogenase at 666 U/L and alanine aminotransferase at 227 U/L. Urinalysis and hemocultures highlighted the presence of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus constellatus. The abdominal tomodensitometry indicated the presence of a left hepatic biliary cyst with banal appearance. She was first treated with intravenous amoxicillin clavulanic acid. After a few days, another abdominal tomodensitometry with contrast pinpointed a large abscess of 11 centimeters in diameter extending to liver segments II and IV with a similar small lesion in segments IV and V. clindamycin per os was added to the treatment because of its good diffusion in tissues. Percutaneous drain was inserted under tomodensitometric control and stayed in place until the follow-up at three weeks. Bacteriologic culture on the fluid sample demonstrated the presence of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus constellatus. The abscess completely regressed after 6 weeks of treatment and the biologic abnormalities resolved at the same time.