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Volume 86 - 2023 - Fasc.3 - Case reports

An unusual cause of extrahepatic cholestasis associated with solid liver lesions: a case report

IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis is a special type of cholangiopathy often associated with autoimmune pancreatitis. In this article, we report an unusual case of IgG4-SC limited to the common hepatic duct and associated with pseudo tumoral liver lesions, but without evidence of pancreatic involvement. Corticosteroid therapy was rapidly effective and allowed normalization of liver tests.


Hypogammaglobulinemia, a new risk factor for hepatitis B virus reactivation : about two cases.

Reactivation of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) with immunosuppressive status has been well established, mainly due to medications such as immunosuppressive therapy like cytotoxic chemotherapy, rituximab and biologic therapy, immunosuppression after solid and bone-marrow transplantation or long-term corticosteroids therapy. We report here two cases of HBV reactivation due to global hypogammaglobulinemia. Regular HBV serologic screening and PCR for HBV-DNA should be applied for each patient with primary immunosuppressive status and history of chronic HBV infection. The necessity of a preemptive treatment remains debated.


An unusual cause of abdominal pain: spontaneous bilateral adrenal hemorrhage

Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage (BAH) is a rare condition that can lead to acute adrenal insufficiency and death if not recognized and treated promptly. We report the case of a 30-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. On emergency room admission, the first abdominal CT revealed normal adrenal glands without enlargement, but with the development of hypotension and hypoglycemia, a second CT performed four days later showed enlargement due to hemorrhage in both adrenals. The diagnosis of BAH associated with acute adrenal insufficiency was retained. Prompt treatment with intravenous and oral corticosteroids resulted in successful conservative management. We describe the clinical, biological, radiological and etiological features of this condition based on a review of the literature.


Granulomatous peritoneal disease associated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for ampullary adenocarcinoma: a case report

Adenocarcinomas of the ampulla of Vater represent only 0.2% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Due to the low incidence no large clinical trials evaluating efficacy of treatments are available. Adjuvant therapy is often administered in patients with stage IB or higher. Oxaliplatin is considered as an effective and well tolerated therapeutic option. Adverse events associated with this therapy include cardio-, neuro-, nephrotoxicity and myelosuppression. Previously granulomatous pulmonary and liver manifestations have been described in oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. In this report peritoneal manifestation of granulomatous disease associated with oxaliplatin is described for the first time. Sarcoidlike reactions may be misinterpreted as tumour progression or metastatic disease, and may consequently result in over-treatment.