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Infected hepatic cyst complicating urinary sepsis

Journal Volume 84 - 2021
Issue Fasc.1 - Case reports
Author(s) A. Coulon #, I. Ould-Nana #, J-Y. Wilputte
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Full Article
PAGES 131-134
Department of Gastro-enterology, Clinique Saint-Joseph, Arlon, Belgium

Congenital hepatic cysts are a common disorder. Usually they are asymptomatic and do not have to be treated. However, some serious complications can occur. We report here the case of an 86-year old patient who has been treated by a percutaneous drainage for an infected solitary hepatic cyst due to urinary sepsis. She was admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine for epigastric pain with fever and chills. The patient was treated for a urinary tract infection 3 weeks ago by her General Practitioner. On admission, blood tests showed 21 620 neutrophils per microliter with a C-reactive protein level at 443.7 mg/L, procalcitonin > 200 ng/mL, total bilirubin at 1.43 mg/dL, lactate dehydrogenase at 666 U/L and alanine aminotransferase at 227 U/L. Urinalysis and hemocultures highlighted the presence of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus constellatus. The abdominal tomodensitometry indicated the presence of a left hepatic biliary cyst with banal appearance. She was first treated with intravenous amoxicillin clavulanic acid. After a few days, another abdominal tomodensitometry with contrast pinpointed a large abscess of 11 centimeters in diameter extending to liver segments II and IV with a similar small lesion in segments IV and V. clindamycin per os was added to the treatment because of its good diffusion in tissues. Percutaneous drain was inserted under tomodensitometric control and stayed in place until the follow-up at three weeks. Bacteriologic culture on the fluid sample demonstrated the presence of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus constellatus. The abscess completely regressed after 6 weeks of treatment and the biologic abnormalities resolved at the same time.

Keywords: hepatic abscess, infected hepatic cyst, percutaneous drainage, urinary sepsis.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 33639705