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Prevalence of double incontinence in patients with fecal incontinence undergoing anorectal manometry and discriminating factors

Journal Volume 85 - 2022
Issue Fasc.2 - Original articles
Author(s) M. Surmont 1, S. Kindt 1
Full article
Full Article
PAGES 277-281
(1) Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel (UZ Brussel)/Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium

Background: Double incontinence (DI) is the concomitant presence of incontinence for urine and stool. Aim of this study is to assess prevalence of DI in patients with fecal incontinence (FI) undergoing Ano-Rectal Manometry (ARM) in a tertiary care center and to identify factors discriminating between both.

Methods: Medical records of consecutive patients referred for ARM for FI during 2 years at University Hospital Brussels were retrospectively reviewed. Results from ARM, presence of diarrhea, diseases from recto-anal or peri-anal region, prior abdominal, proctological or urological surgery and neurological comorbidities were recorded.

Results: Of 101 enrolled patients, 77% suffered from solitary FI and 23% from DI. Diarrhea was more common in DI vs. FI (43,5% vs. 15,4%, P=.008), as was the presence of neurological comorbidities (34.8% vs. 10.3%, P=.009) and urological interventions (21.7% vs. 1.3%, P=.002). In respect to women only, more urological interventions were performed (20% vs. 0%, P=.006) and more diseases from recto-anal or peri-anal region were encountered in DI vs. FI (35.0 % vs. 12.5 %, P= .045). In men, neurological disorders were significantly more common in DI (100.0% vs. 3.3%, P=.002).

Conclusions: This study identified gender-specific patterns of comorbidities in FI and DI. ARM had no distinctive value between FI and DI in men and women. A prospective study should provide more information on patients at risk for incontinence and help to identify distinct features between FI and DI in men and women.

Keywords: Fecal incontinence, manometry, pelvic floor disorders, urinary incontinence.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 35709771