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Pre-Endoscopy real-time PCR testing for SARS-CoV2 does not reduce health care workers infection and is associated with a higher reduction of endoscopic activity in an outpatient setting

Journal Volume 85 - 2022
Issue Fasc.4 - Original articles
Author(s) N. de Pretis 1, S. Sferrazza 2, A. Michielan 2, E. Merola 2, N. Bevilacqua 1, F. De Marchi 1, L. Marzi 1, I. Teani 1, M. Comberlato 1, G. de Pretis 2
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Full Article
PAGES 581-858
(1) Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Hospital of Bolzano, Italy
(2) Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, S. Chiara Hospital of Trento, Italy

Objective: The role of pre-procedure SARS-CoV2 testing in digestive endoscopy is still debated. AGA guidelines recommend against pre-procedure testing considering low prevalence of SARS- CoV2 infection in the general population and low incidence of infection among endoscopy units Health Care Workers (HCWs). However, no studies have compared pre-procedure testing associated to symptom screening vs. symptom screening alone in reducing the risk of infection for HCWs. Main aim of the present study is to compare the risk of infection for HCWs in different Endoscopy Units adopting different pre-endoscopy screening and operating in two nearby hospital of the same region in Northern Italy in pre-vaccination period. For outpatients in the Endoscopy Unit of Trento (Unit 1) only pre-procedure symptom screening was performed, while in the Endoscopy Unit of Bolzano (Unit 2) pre-procedure symptom screening and negative pre-procedure real-time PCR were requested. Secondary aims were to assess the impact of pre-procedure real-time PCR testing on endoscopic activity and diagnostic delay.

Design: Retrospective data collection on a prospectively maintained database was performed, including outpatient endoscopy procedures performed between June 1st 2020 and February 28th 2021 in Unit 1 and Unit 2.

Results: No differences in terms of infection rate in HCWs have been identified in Unit 1 and Unit 2 (9.0 vs. 19.3% P=0.2) over a nine-month period. Moreover, in the unit performing pre- procedure real-time PCR before endoscopy a significantly higher reduction in endoscopic activity has been recorded (61.9% vs. 53.4%; P<0.01). In patients with positive real-time PCR, endoscopy was performed with a mean delay of 61.7 days (range 9-294) and 22.5% of them were lost at follow-up and did not undergo any endoscopic procedure in the following 12 months.

Conclusions: This study supports the AGA recommendation suggesting that pre-endoscopy real-time PCR is an expensive and time-consuming procedure without proven benefits in an outpatient setting.

© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 36566367