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Intestinal helminthic infections: a narrative review to guide the hepatogastroenterologist

Journal Volume 86 - 2023
Issue Fasc.3 - Reviews
Author(s) M. Vanhooren 1, A. Stoefs 2, S. Van Den Broucke 3, M. Van Esbroeck 3, T. Demuyser 2 4, S. Kindt 1
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Full Article
PAGES 460-473
(1) Department of Gastroenterology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel (UZ Brussel), Brussels, Belgium
(2) Department of Microbiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel (UZ Brussel), Brussels, Belgium
(3) Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp (ITMA), Antwerp, Belgium
(4) AIMS lab, Center for Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium

Intestinal helminthic infections are not uncommon in Western Europe, mainly due to modern travel, emigration and globalization. Moreover, some helminthic infections are endemic in Western Europe and are part of the everyday clinical practice. The hepatogastroenterologist should therefore recognize and manage these patients or at least refer them to appropriate reference centers. Signs and symptoms are often unspecific or even absent. Discerning the disease at an early stage avoids expensive diagnostic testing, life-threatening complications and in some cases even further spread of the disease. This review article aims to guide the hepatogastroenterologist when suspecting a helminthic infection by addressing the most prevalent symptoms, summarizing the most probable associated helminthic entities, highlighting practical steps in diagnosis and available treatments.

Keywords: worms, gastrointestinal, epidemiology, diagnosis, management.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 37814562