Effectiveness and safety of a new regimen of polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid for same-day bowel cleansing in constipated patients
|Journal||Volume 81 - 2018|
|Issue||Fasc.4 - Original articles|
|Author(s)||S. Tsuji, A. Horiuchi, M. Tamaki, Y. Ichise, M. Kajiyama, N. Tanaka|
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|Digestive Disease Center, Showa Inan General Hospital, Komagane, Japan.|
Background and study aims : In an exploratory study we compared a new regimen of low-volume polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (PEG-Asc) with the standard regimen for same-day bowel cleansing in constipated patients. Patients and methods : Between January and June 2015 we studied consecutive patients with constipation (Rome III constipation criteria) scheduled for colonoscopy. The initial group received the standard regimen of PEG-Asc. The subsequent group received the new regimen. The new regimen involved ingestion of 10 mL of sodium picosulfate and 50g of magnesium citrate dissolved in 0.2 L of water followed by 0.2 L of PEG-Asc +0.2 L of water given 6 or 7 times over 3 hours. Bowel cleansing was prospectively evaluated using the Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS). Bowel cleansing, adenoma detection rates and adverse events were reviewed using electronic medical records and endoscopic filing system. Results : Sixty-two patients used the standard regimen and sixty used the new regimen. The basic characteristics of the two groups were similar. The mean volume of PEG-Asc and total liquid intake was less with the new regimen compared to the standard regimen (1.3 L vs. 2.0 L, P<0.001; 2.6 L vs. 3.0 L, P<0.001). The proportion of patients with a BBPS score = 6 was significantly greater with the new than the standard regimen (93% vs. 76%, P=0.008). Nausea and/or vomiting was also significantly less frequent than with the standard regimen (5% vs. 16%, P=0.046). Conclusions : The new regimen of PEG-Asc gave improved same-day bowel cleansing for colonoscopy in constipated patients. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2018, 81, 485-489).
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