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Prediction of the presence of esophageal varices using spleen stiffness measurement by transient elastography in cirrhotic patients

Journal Volume 81 - 2018
Issue Fasc.4 - Original articles
Author(s) J. Arribas Anta, M. GarcÌa González, M.E Torres Guerrero, E. Garrido Gômez, E. RodrÌguez de Santiago, S. Lôpez Durán, C. Zaera de la Fuente, V. Benita Leôn, F. Mesonero Gismero, C. MartÌn de Argila, A. Albillos MartÌnez
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Hospital U. Ramôn y Cajal, Carretera Colmenar Viejo km 9,1, Madrid, España.

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is currently recommended in cirrhotic patients to detect the presence of esophageal varices (EV). Spleen stiffness measurement (ssM) with FibroScan has been used for this purpose, showing variable sensitivity (S) and specificity (Sp). The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability of ssM to detect the presence and size of EV in cirrhotic patients in comparison to other noninvasive modalities. Patients and methods : Sixty-six patients with cirrhosis who had undergone UGE in the previous 6 months underwent ssM and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using FibroScan. Biochemical parameters and ultrasonography data were also collected to calculate other noninvasive indexes. Results : Valid spleen stiffness measurements were obtained for 60 of the 66 patients initially included in the study (90.1%). In the multivariate analysis only splenomegaly and ssM were predictive of esophageal varices. ssM was the most accurate diagnostic tool, obtaining an area under the ROC curve of 0.8 for values below 48 KPascals, with S = 87%, Sp = 69%, and 76.7% of successfully diagnosed patients. Conclusions : ssM with FibroScan was significantly higher for cirrhotic patients with EV. Our study suggests that spleen stiffness may be useful to identify cirrhotic patients at risk of having EV, although further studies are needed. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2018, 81, 496-502).

© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 30645918