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Efficacy and predictive factors of glucocorticoid therapy for patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure

Journal Volume 85 - 2022
Issue Fasc.4 - Original articles
Author(s) P. Shi 1, W.T. Zhu 1, A. Liang 1, J. Wan 1, J.W. Fu 1, X.P. Wu 1
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Full Article
PAGES 593-600
(1) Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China

Background and study aims: Glucocorticoid (GC) treatment for liver failure is controversial. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and predictive factors of glucocorticoid therapy for hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV- ACLF).

Patients and methods: A total of 302 patients with HBV- ACLF were enrolled and categorized by treatment modality (GC vs. Control). Baseline characteristics, liver function, disease complications, and mortality were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify predictive factors for HBV-ACLF-related mortality.

Results: GC therapy significantly improved the 30- and 60-day mortality of HBV-ACLF patients (4.64% vs. 11.92%, P=0.022 and 16.56% vs. 25.83%, P=0.049 for the Control and GC groups, respectively) and GC was an independent prognostic factor for 30-day mortality (OR = 0.177, 95% CI 0.051-0.616, P = 0.007). However, enhanced survival was not associated with improved liver function. There were no significant differences in the incidence of complications (i.e., ascites, bacterial infection, encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, and gastrointestinal bleeding) between the GC and Control groups (P >0.05), except that fungal infection occurred with higher frequency in the GC group (P = 0.037). A significant improvement in the 30-day survival associated with GC therapy was observed among patients <40 years of age, a Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score of 25-35 or a CLIF- Consortium ACLF (CLIF-C ACLF) grade 0-1 (all P <0.05).

Conclusions: GC therapy improved the short-term (30- and 60- day) mortality of patients with HBV-ACLF. This treatment may be of particular benefit to patients who are <40 years of age, have a MELD score of 25-35, or have a CLIF-C ACLF grade of 0-1. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2022, 85, 593-600).

Keywords: acute-on-chronic liver failure, hepatitis B virus, gluco- corticoid, prognosis.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
© Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica.
PMID 36566369