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Volume 85 - 2022 - Fasc.4 - Case reports

Pancreatitis, pregestational diabetes and hyperchylomicronia in a pregnant woman with COVID-19

A 37-year-old pregnant woman, was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis whilst being infected with COVID-19. Additionally, she had a hyperchylomicronemia and an uncontrolled (most probably, pre-gestational) type 2 diabetes. The coronavirus is able to enter the pancreatic cells through ACE-2 receptors. On the pancreatic level, ACE- 2 receptor expression is present but not as abundant as on pulmonary level. However, with inflammation (due to hyperchylomicronemia), the ACE-2 receptor expression may change and hypothetically make the pancreas more susceptible for a Covid-19 surinfection. Here it is difficult to conclude whether the COVID-19 infection contributed substantially to the development of pancreatitis. Late term pregnancy, uncontrolled glycaemia and the heterozygote mutation in the GPIHBP1 gene (c.523G>C p; Gly175Arg), all contribute to increased TG levels, a principal factor in the development of pancreatitis. This case shows a rare but serious clinical presentation late in pregnancy that could have interesting consequences postpartum.


A rare case of paraneoplastic myositis associated with neuroendocrine carcinoma of the pancreas

Pancreatic cancer is only rarely associated with myopathy. We present a case of a 69-year-old male with recently diagnosed pancreatic cancer, who presented himself with a paraneoplastic myositis of both legs. MRI and EMG contributed to this diagnosis. Treatment was started with high dose corticosteroids followed by urgent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy. Postoperatively there was a rapid normalisation of the creatinine kinase levels with gradual increase of the muscle strength. The anatomopathology of the biopsy specimen showed a large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. Paraneoplastic myositis associated with pancreatic cancer may be treated successfully with cancer specific treatment.


The use of autologous peritoneum in surgery of portal hypertension: H-shape splenorenal shunt using simple layer peritoneal tube

The management of portal hypertension complicated by iterative gastro-intestinal bleeding remains challenging, especially in a low-income environment. Interventional radiology and endoscopic treatments are not always accessible, and a definitive surgical option may prove to be lifesaving. We report a new technique of surgical portosystemic shunt that can be performed in all contexts. We describe the surgical technique of a H-shaped splenorenal shunt using autologous rolled up peritoneum as a vascular graft.


Acute abdominal pain: a challenging diagnosis

We hereby describe a case of an acutely ill 41-year-old male without any medical history who presented with an acute abdomen in the emergency department. An abdominal CT showed a dissection of the coeliac trunk and infarction of the spleen. Because of a presumed diagnosis of vasculitis he was started on high dose IV steroids. However, after additional testing the diagnosis of segmental arteriolar Mediolysis (SAM) was made. In this case report we describe the presentation, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of this patient and provide the readers with background about common differential diagnosis and criteria for diagnosing SAM.